Driving of the modern car in country conditions at sufficient comfort seems simple and not demanding special efforts. However it is necessary to remember always that movement on country roads is characterised, as a rule, by the raised speeds, frequent overtakings, sudden change of road conditions. And sudden change of conditions can lead to increase in time at response and as a result to road and transport incidents (road accident).
The Modern cars equipped with powerful engines, accelerate momentum to 140... 180 km/h. However for movement safety the maximum speed of the car on country roads is limited by Rules of traffic to 90 km/h, except the special highways which road conditions allow to move with higher speeds on what notifies a corresponding traffic sign.
Considerable moshchnostnye possibilities of engines are necessary for using for dynamical manoeuvrability of cars, for example at overtakings. Besides, speed of movement of the car on country roads under control of drivers with the experience till two years is limited to 70 km/h.
The Choice of speed of movement depends on width, quality and a condition of a road covering (damp, the pollution which has been iced over), on visibility and degree of the review of district. The main thing at a choice of speed - the account of own reasonable confidence that in case of need you will manage to stop in time.
Practice of management by cars on the arranged well country roads shows that the optimal is speed 80... 90 km/h which allows without special exhaustion and pressure to overcome big enough distances. It is necessary to give special attention to journey of the settlements which are along a line of movement, strictly to adhere to warning signs and to supervise speed on a speedometer as long movement on highway dulls vigilance and sensation of speed.
At long trips on country roads it is recommended to support constant speed as movement, alternate on raised, and then lower speeds, causes the raised exhaustion and absolutely useless expense of fuel. Use nakata - movements after dispersal with the switched off transfer - on cars expediently only on long rather sloping descents and without engine deenergizing. Use nakata at movement on a horizontal site, as a rule, does not give practical economy of fuel.
Never it is necessary to move on country road at a short distance behind ahead going car as it quickly leads to exhaustion, disturbs to the review of prospect of road, can serve as the reason of any unexpectedness, and also irritates the driver of the forward car. In this case it is necessary or to hold big enough distance, practically in equal to speed of the car, or, having caught up with the car, at the first opportunity to make overtaking - the most frequent maneuver made by drivers of the car on country road.
Overtaking is understood as the advancing of one or several vehicles connected with departure on a strip of an oncoming traffic and the subsequent returning to earlier occupied strip. Overtaking is similar to evolution maneuver, but is more combined, demands from the driver of exact calculation and a great skill, abilities correctly to estimate a situation and to predict its development.
Intending to overtake ahead going car or group of cars, it is necessary first of all accurately the nobility, whether overtaking is expedient. Then it is necessary to establish that:
эр a site of prospective overtaking there are no hindrances for safe and its fast performance;
эр the overtaking strip does not have counter vehicles or they are on sufficient, not representing to danger, distance;
эр proezzhej parts and on a roadside are not present the standing vehicles representing danger on narrow roads;
эх= roughnesses, hollows, naledi on a road covering which can prevent steady movement of the overtaking car or to cause change of a trajectory of movement overtaken.
Necessarily it is necessary to estimate width of road and to be convinced of possibility to maintain a lateral interval not less than 1... 1,5 m that is especially important at overtaking of a large-sized vehicle, and also the lorry convoy which trailer can wag here and there with amplitude of 1 m and more. The large-sized car moving with high speed, at a sharp flaw can because of big parusnosti is considerable deviate aside. Therefore on narrow road such car can be overtaken only in the event that it has whenever possible accepted to the right.
For correct forecasting of a situation in the course of overtaking it is necessary to have the good review as moving ahead the vehicle creates "ёыхяѕ¦" a zone which should be reduced as much as possible.
To Start to observe of conditions follows from apart - for 100... 200 m - and to be convinced that in a zone of the planned overtaking there are no hindrances and obstacles. Supervision from apart reduces "ёыхяѕ¦" a zone (fig. 12 see).
The Driver of a large-sized overtaken vehicle not always can find out behind itself the car, intending to make overtaking. It is necessary to try to take in any case on road such positions that, without creating hindrances another, to have possibility to see road as it is possible further ahead and at the left.
To receive full representation about a situation and to make the true forecast of its development, it is necessary to define intentions of other participants of movement. At overtaking seldom there are only two participants - overtaken and overtaking. As the truth, their number much more: counter transport, the cars moving ahead and behind in a passing direction, pedestrians passing road, and a possible exit of animals. If the driver of the overtaking car does not notice them or will notice, but will not know about their intentions and will go on overtaking on it the basic responsibility for the further succession of events will lay down. Therefore, without knowing intentions of other participants of movement, it is necessary to start with probability of the worst succession of events and, hence, to refrain from overtaking.
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