driving Receptions in especially dangerous conditions
(A part 4)

Sandy sites on road are recommended to be overcome from dispersal, and long movement on sand to carry out on the lowest speed, without stops and a gear change, at average frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine. It is necessary to remember that if there is a choice, it is better to move on wet sand which has considerably the big density. If on a sandy site of a wheel will start to slip, it is necessary to stop immediately movement, to clear away sand before wheels, to enclose under driving wheels improvised materials and to begin smooth movement. The zabuksovavshy car can be deduced from probuksovyvanija, having reduced pressure in tyres (on 3 from norm) a little and slightly having braked back driving wheels a lay brake.

Movement during winter time becomes complicated presence of snow and naledi on roads, and also snowdrifts to which the car as has rather small weight often enough gets and is easily subject to slipping in friable snow.

The Road which has been strewn lightly svezhevypavshim with snow, for the driver comes easy. It is necessary to remember only that under it there can be ice-covered sites. When such snow lies thick enough layer, on it it is necessary to move in regular intervals, without abrupt turns and sharp decrease in speed, in due time and smoothly passing to the lowest transfers. All it will allow not to get off from rate and not to get stuck. When on road a deep track, it is necessary to move not so quickly not to lose controllability and unexpectedly not to jump out at great speed of a track. The main thing thus - not to try to lay the track.

At a snowfall at a small wind on road, peremety, snowdrifts deposits can already be formed of fresh snow. If a snowdrift low and behind it road continuation it can be overcome for the speed is visible. For this purpose it is necessary to disperse the car and to make the way through snow basically at the expense of inertia, without supposing proslipping of wheels. If you feel that straight off a snowdrift not to pass, do not try to make it, pressing gas. It is better to stop, reverse and repeat all on track already laid by you. High, but the small snowdrift is better for shovelling.

If you see that has ahead got stuck the car, do not try to go round it straight off (it is useless and not in a companionable way). Stop is better, help the driver to leave, and then move on its trace. Extended enough sites of road brought by snow, it is necessary to overcome only with preliminary investigation always to have possibility to change maneuver.

If at slipping of wheels in snow or in the conditions of dirt roads the driver feels that the engine does not possible to shift the car neither back, nor forward, it is necessary to stop these-attempts as the further proslipping will lead only to that the car will sit down the body case on road, and wheels will helplessly hang.

In the circumstances it is necessary to leave the car, to look round and solve, where it is better to move - forward or back. Then available tools and adaptations it is necessary to clean snow or a ground from under the car in the necessary direction and to make a good track. The way site should be cleared up to that place where the car can stop, and then is independent get under way from a place.

When all is prepared, it is necessary to put forward wheels strictly directly and movement to begin smoothly, without proslipping of wheels. Skilful work as pedals throttle zaslonki and coupling - the keystone to success. If all the same it is not possible to get under way from a place under driving wheels it is necessary to put stones, branches, a piece of a canvas or a rug, boards, straw. If wheels too "чрЁ№ышёі" it is necessary poddomkratit the car and deepening to fill with something or to block, for example, a board. It is possible to try to shake the car, alternating smooth inclusion and coupling deenergizing in a rocking step.

During winter time tram ways can appear below level of a snow cover owing to what are formed deep a track. If car wheels get to such track, it is necessary to lower speed, smooth turn in the beginning to the left, and then sharp movement to the right, to deduce the car from a track and quickly to turn out a wheel in initial position.

Tracks on not equipped moving also can appear below a snow cover that can lead to slipping of wheels. Therefore before a railway crossing it is necessary to stop, examine it and then to pass rails under some corner.

Movement of cars in the conditions of the mountain roads characterised by long liftings and descents, the turns abrupt and closed on visibility conditions, places with narrow proezzhej a part is especially dangerous.

<= the previous page - the following page =>