Bases of technics of driving (a part 7)

At movement by a backing it is necessary to provide a complete control behind the car that substantially depends on correct using coupling. At maneuvering on limited spaces and necessities to go it is slowly possible to move with the semisqueezed out coupling. However long movement is in a similar way inadmissible because of an overheat and the raised deterioration of disks of coupling. Position of a head and the case of the driver at movement by a backing is shown on fig. 17. It is useful for movement by a backing to fulfil skills of driving by one hand: at supervision over road through the left shoulder - right (fig. 17, at supervision through the right shoulder - left (fig. 17,), at supervision through the slightly opened door it is necessary to learn the left hand reliably to keep a door, and right to operate the car (fig. 17,).

Position of a head and the case of the driver at movement by a backing: a sight back with head and case turn on the left (), to the right () and back through

a Fig. 17. Position of a head and the case of the driver at movement by a backing:
Sight back with head and case turn on the left (), to the right ()
And back through the slightly opened door ()

Backing Transfer can be included only after the car has definitively stopped. Inclusion of transfer of a backing during car movement forward can lead to breakage of teeths of gear wheels in a transmission.

To Operate the car at movement by a backing it is more difficult than at movement to lobbies. For preservation of the planned direction it is impossible to turn a steering wheel sharply.

Turns at movement by a backing carry out the same as and at movement to lobbies. If it is necessary to turn the car to the left) and a steering wheel rotate in a left-hand side, if to the right - in the right party. During turn by a backing a forward wheel it is described a curve of the greatest radius, therefore it is necessary to watch that: that the forward part of the car has not touched an obstacle And by which has freely taken place a back wheel (fig. 18).

the Scheme of turn of the car, moving a backing about an obstacle.

a Fig. 18. The scheme of turn of the car, moving a backing about an obstacle.

The Major rule which always should be remembered: at turn by a forward course to watch passage of a back wheel, and at turn by a backing - behind passage of a forward wheel.

At stops and parking on liftings and descents it is necessary to take the measures excluding spontaneous movement (skatyvanie) of the car. For this purpose the car zatormazhivajut a lay (manual) brake, include for creation bolshego brake effort the first transfer or transfer of a backing and enclose to a wheel an emphasis. At stops and parking at sidewalk forward wheels on lifting turn on the left against the stop a forward wheel in an onboard stone (on descent - on the contrary).

During training to car driving, and also at driving the driver should improve the skill of driving constantly. In practice of work of drivers, especially high-class drivers, knowingly it is considered that as soon as the driver himself has decided that it has reached perfection and, operating the car, it all can, it means that it has ceased to be "схчюярёэ№ь тюфш=хыхь" i.e. It is as though masterful the driver operated the car, excessive self-confidence for it is pernicious, and the driver always should have practice of driving and train the skill, differently it can lose professional skills.

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